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Evidence Of Igala Migration From Ancient Egypt ( Egyptian Origin of Igala People )



By Amb Ayegba Abdullahi Aduojoh (General Igala Ambassador of Igala Kingdom)

a certain point, many people had to migrate from Egypt due to several invasions
by external people including the Arabs, Hyksos, Persian, etc. Igala was part of
the people that migrated from Egypt then. The following are some evidences to
proof the Egyptian origin of Igala or Igala migration from the ancient Egypt.

1. Numerous similar
words between Igala and ancient Egyptian word and their similar or related
meanings and a few are given below:

Spirit or breath in English is Em/Mi in Ancient Egyptian and Imi in Igala 2. To go away in English is Feh in Ancient
Egyptian and Fe (like in lo kefe) in Igala 3. Black/Dark in English is Dud in
Ancient Egyptian and Edudu in Igala 4. Settlement in English is Dor in Ancient
Egyptian andDo/Odo in Igala 5. To knowin English is Ma in Ancient Egyptian and
Ma/Uma in Igala 6. To create/make in English is Se in Ancient Egyptian and Che
in Igala 7. Deep water in English is Omijere in Ancient Egyptian and Omijiji in
Igala 8. Talk in English is Ro in Ancient Egyptian and Ro (as romiolo)inIgala
9. Children in English is Amu in Ancient Egyptian and Oma in Igala 10. Grond/land
in English is Ani/Ren in Ancient Egyptian and Ane in Igala 11. Open in English
is Fa in Ancient Egyptian and Fa (as in pull) in Igala 12. Leader in English is
Isi in Ancient Egyptian and Uchi/Eneuchi in Igala 13. Dawn/Night in English is
Utcha in Ancient Egyptian and Ich/Idu in Igala 14. Yes in English is Ehn in
Ancient Egyptian and ehi in Igala 15. Rise in English is Wu in Ancient Egyptian
and Wu (ajiwu or Garriwu) in Igala 16. Hill in English is Oke in Ancient
Egyptian and Oke in Igala 17. Rejoice in English is Hoo/Yooin Ancient Egyptian
and Yo in Igala 18.Head of a city in English is On in Ancient Egyptian and Onu
in Igala 19. Confess in English is Beka in Ancient Egyptian and Ka/Ka aluwe in
Igala 20. Boat in English is Oko in Ancient Egyptian and Oko in Igala 21. Not
Known in English is Amon in Ancient Egyptian and Aman in Igala 22. Finish in
English is Tan in Ancient Egyptian and Ita/Itakpa in Igala 23. Sarpent in
English is Edjo in Ancient Egyptian and Ejo in Igala 24. Fire in English is
Unas in Ancient Egyptian and Una in Igala 25. Evil in English is Ubi in Ancient
Egyptian and Ubi/Ejunubi in Igala 26. Pluck in English is Ka in Ancient
Egyptian and Ka in Igala 27. Fear in English is Eru in Ancient Egyptian and
Ailu in Igala 28. Worship in English is Se in Ancient Egyptian and Che (like in
Cheebo) in Igala  29. Walk in English is
Ren in Ancient Egyptian and Le in Igala 30. Divide in English is Penka in
Ancient Egyptian and Kpe in Igala 31. Invocation in English is Ash in ancient
Egyptian and Ache in Igala 32. Python in English is Ere in ancient Egyptian and
Ere in Igala 33. Male in English is Ak in Ancient Egyptian and Ekele/Oko in
Igala 34. Chant in English is Ged in Ancient Egyptian and Igede/Ogba in Igala
35. Die is English means Khu in
ancient Egyptian and Ku in Igala 36 Water in English means Omi in ancient
Egyptian and Omi in Igala 37. Mouth in English means Aru in ancient Egyptian
and Alu in Igala 38. Moon in English means Khonsu in ancient Egyptian and Ochu
in Igala 39. Person in English means On in ancient Egyptian and One in Igala
40. Sell in English means Ta in ancient Egyptian and Ta in Igala 41. Buy in
English means Ra in ancient Egyptian and La in Igala, etc

2. Did you know the
origin of lion (Idu) as part of Attah Igala’s greetings (Agaba Idu)?

it began in Egypt where Igala migrated from. In ancient Egypt, lion symbolises
Power and Kingship. It also means Majesty, Courage, military might. Some seats
of Attah Igala have the head of a lion carved on them. Other Igala traditional
rulers have this similar seats with lion head carved on them too.

3. When a Pharaoh
passed on and a new one is to be taken, the pharaoh to-be will be the eldest
son of the late Pharaoh except there were certain issues. This is the same with
the selection of new Attah Igala.

4. When the Pharaoh
to-be is selected by the king makers, he passed through various traditional
stages including rituals and sacrifices, and this activities can last close to
a year before his coronation as the Pharaoh. This is the same in the case of
any new Attah Igala. After the Attah to be is selected by the king makers
(Igalamela), he would pass through various stages ranging from trekking from
Ugwolawo in Ofu LGA to Idah, visit to Ajaina (the resting ground of any Attah
that transited to the other world), visit to his traditional father, visit to
his traditional mother, ritual of becoming a “woman”, …. until his final
coronation as Attah Igala.

Although, Pharaoh was meant to be a male throne being of a king and not a
queen, some Pharaohs were females, example is Pharaoh Cleopatra. So, also in
ancient Igala, Igala had a female Attah called Attah Ebulejonu (Amichi), the
daughter of Abutu Ejeh.  She was the
first Attah after Igala people’s migration from Wukari in the present Taraba state
(where they settled temporarily after their migration from Egypt) to Idah. This
confirms the continuation of the “Pharaohic” style of rulership in Nigeria
(Igala people).

When a Pharaoh dies, he will not be buried immediately but his or her body will
undergo traditional preservation and some processes until after some months
before the burial. This is same in the case of any Attah Igala who joined the

When a late Pharaoh is to be buried, he or she will be buried along with some
servants and belongings. This is same with the ancient Attah Igala.

Both the ancient Egyptian and Igala believe that there is life after death, and
the dead just transited to the other world. That was why in the burial of
ancient Egyptian Pharaohs as well as Attah Igala, servants were buried with
them so that the servants would continue to serve the kings in the other world.
The case of Prince Inikpi, the daughter of Attah Ayegba Oma Idoko (during
Igala-Benin war 1515-1516) was similar as some maids accompanied her to the
other world during her voluntary burial.

From United Igala Kingdom facebook page:


like in Igala, in ancient Egyptian world, it was believed that anyone who
leaves this world will be in another world and life continues. That was why
when any ancient Pharaoh died, he will be buried with some servants, some
belongings and even pets. This was to allow him or her have some people to
serve him or her as a king even in that area. The case of Igala is not
different as exact or related culture was done in ancient Igala. And till date,
many Igala especially the elders like traditional leaders still see the issue
of hell or heaven as “audio” (not real), and that their ancestors are resting
in the other world. That is why they call their ancestors during some
activities/gathering and give them cola nuts. Some also make sacrifices to them
and confirm if it has been accepted or rejected by their ancestors, studies
revealed. You no fit call pesin from hell
or heaven to come chop cola nut na
. Well, that was part of the traditions
Igala brought from Egypt and from the palace of Pharaoh in particular during
our migration from there. But similar culture showed that Igala was one of the
ancient Pharaoh or part of a Pharaoh dynasty or lineage for the similar burial
processes to be continued even in this location (Nigeria)   after many centuries of separation.

9. The ancient
Egyptians believe that Pharaoh was  God
or mediator between them and God. This was the same in the case of Igala as some
Attah Igala have the power like “God”, as confirmed by some of them personally.

“… God made me after
his image, and I am all the same as God. He appointed me a king”, Attah Ameh
Ocheje during the visit of Queen of England’s delegation to him in Idah in
1840, in the book of G. M. Clifford.

“… what happens is that
if the Attah wishes anybody well, the person shall prosper. But when he wishes
a man evil, it will go with him ”, Attah Idakwo Ameh Oboni II, during an
interview with the punch newspaper in 2017 when he was asked “ Why Attah must
not place curse on anybody”.

While in ancient Egyptian, Pharaoh means the great house, Aat means the great
one, and Aita/Atta means father, in Igala, Attah means father, elder, the
greatest of all or the great one.

In ancient Egyptians, there were various priests in charge of various gods in
different temples. These priests give the gods water, food, kola nuts and even
sing for them daily. This was to ensure peace, protection and blessings on the
people of Egypt. In ancient Igala and still in some communities, it is the
same. Some elders serve the gods with water, kola nut and even food every
morning or occasionally. Some even sing for them after the incantations or
prayers. This can be for the community god or family or personal god.

12. In the entire Kogi
Igala land, no other traditional ruler is buried the same way as Attah
Igala.  This is same in ancient Egypt,
this confirms that Igala was one of the Pharaohs or Igala belonged to the
Pharaoh royal clan that the Attah is buried the same way as Pharaoh.

13. In ancient Egyptian
world, any man who married a Princess would become a King. This was the case of
Attah Ebulejonu (Amichi) Abutu Ejeh and Omepa Ajogu, the husband of Igala
female Attah, Attah Ebulejonu who became the Achadu (Achadu Oko Attah) the
Prime minister of Igala Kingdom. Another tradition carried along from Egypt

Conclusion: The migration of Igala people from Egypt to the
present day Nigeria took place very many centuries ago, but till date, the
cultures, traditions and many words or part of the languages for the two  (Igala and ancient Egytian) remain the same
or very similar. The similarity between the selection of new Attah and new
Pharaoh as well as well the burial process of late Attah and late Pharaoh has
crowned the entire evidences to confirm that Igala originated from ancient

Ayegab A. A.

United Igala Kingdom.

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